Dear Readers, The corona virus is rampant in China and the world. All information about symptoms, transmission, treatment, prevention, and vaccination!
1. The novel corona virus is spreading continuously throughout the world.
2. Thousands of people worldwide are now ill, most of them in China.
3. What are the symptoms of an illness and what are the dangers?
Dortmund – Increased lung diseases and deaths in China caused by a new type of coronavirus are currently causing fears worldwide. On January 7 this year, scientists identified the new form of the virus as the cause of an accumulation of pneumonia . But what’s behind it? Here is the most important information for you.
Human to human transmission of the corona virus is possible
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the new coronavirus called “2019-nCoV” spreads from person to person. And Chinese authorities have confirmed that transmission of the new virus is possible.
This assumption was also confirmed by the WHO at a press conference on January 27. Internationally, this type of contagion has occurred. The first person-to-person transmissions outside of China have so far been reported in Vietnam and Germany, for example.
Coronavirus: Various symptoms indicate illness
Coronaviruses, in general, occur worldwide and are mainly transmitted via droplet infection. According to the World Health Organization, coronaviruses are a large family of respiratory viruses that can cause diseases ranging from colds to Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS).
It ll show mainly infections of the respiratory tract. The incubation period averages seven days. This means that a week can pass between the infection and the onset of an infectious disease. In contrast, according to the Robert Koch Institute, the novel coronavirus assumes that the incubation period can last up to 14 days.
According to the WHO, symptoms of the current (new) disease are fever (over 38 degrees), cough and/or shortness of breath. The Robert Koch Institute also lists runny nose, like a mild cold. The WHO also mentions the occurrence of breathing difficulties. World Health Organization says, In a few serious cases, this infection leads to pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.
Coronavirus study: 83 percent complained of fever
In a study of most of the patients infected with coronavirus in China, the following symptoms were most common, according to a report by The Lancet :
Fever (83 percent)
Cough (82 percent)
Shortness of breath (31 percent)
Muscle pain (11 percent)
Confusion (9 percent)
Headache (8 percent)
Sore throat (5 percent)
Runny nose (4 percent)
Chest pain (2 percent)
Diarrhea (2 percent)
Nausea and vomiting (1 percent)
More than one of these symptoms (89 percent)
Distinguishing between coronavirus and cold or flu is difficult
Important: People are already contagious with the current disease, i.e. the new type of corona virus, if there are no symptoms yet. That is why it is currently so difficult to contain the disease. The Robert Koch Institute commented: “Individual cases have become known in which people have become infected from those who have apparently not yet shown any symptoms.”
It is difficult to differentiate between the coronavirus and the conventional flu or a cold – the current season in Germany for diseases of this type. In Iserlohn, about 20 kilometers south-east of Dortmund, a student reported to the emergency services on January 27 with symptoms and arranged for his school to be evacuated. However, his symptoms did not later turn out to be the result of the coronavirus. The student complained of fever and sore throat and had previously been in China.
This is how the treatment of the coronavirus works
In the event that you have been infected with the corona virus , the WHO does not prescribe any special treatment – there is simply no specific procedure for this type of virus. The body has to fight the viruses itself.
However, many of the symptoms caused by coronavirus can be treated. Treatment, therefore, depends on the patient’s condition. People who think they have the coronavirus should see a doctor or hospital and phone the facility in advance so they can prepare and plan treatment.
And what does a treatment look like? According to a report in the prestigious medical journal The Lancet on 24 January on the first 41 cases of illness, some of the patients received treatment oral or intravenous antibiotics, and the neuraminidase inhibitors oseltamivir, which is used for the treatment of influenza a drug.
Chinese doctors also gave methylprednisolone for severe pneumonia, reports the Pharmaceutical Newspaper. The drug has a decongestant and anti-inflammatory effect. Some patients also received oxygen through the nose or were even intubated.
Coronavirus in China
So far, the new corona virus, which belongs to the same family of viruses as SARS and MERS, has appeared frequently in China. Other cases have occurred outside the People’s Republic, in countries with high travel volumes to and from China. Among other things in (as of February 3):
Asia : Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Malaysia, Thailand, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, India, Philippines
North America: Canada, USA
Europe: Sweden, Russia, Italy, Great Britain, France, Finland, Germany (On the night of Tuesday, January 28, the case of the first infected person in Bavaria was confirmed. The man from the district of Starnberg was isolated and examined medically as soon as possible but is in good shape according to the Bavarian State Office for Health and Food Safety (LGL). After that, three other cases became known from the area of the man.)
Note: Current case numbers, affected countries, and information on risk areas are listed on the bottom of the Robert Koch Institute homepage.
As the Robert Koch Institute reports, most of those affected had previously been to Wuhan. It is a metropolis in China with eleven million inhabitants in the province of Hubei. The city is considered an important national and international transport hub.
Here the first accumulated cases of a disease with the new coronavirus occurred. As the WHO later announced, the new coronavirus had also been transmitted to other cities in China.
Coronavirus warning: Avoid travel to Wuhan (China)
The Federal Foreign Office is currently warning of trips to Wuhan. According to the Federal Foreign Office, the illnesses were originally associated with a visit to a local poultry and fish market. Apparently there was an initial transmission of the virus from animal to human.
The number of cases of sick and dead people increases every day. However, these primarily occurred in older people with previous illnesses.
In this context, the WHO refers to its standard recommendations for the prevention and transmission of a number of diseases. Two items from the list are:
“Don’t visit markets in such areas where currently cases of novel coronavirus occurring direct unprotected contact with live animals and surfaces that come into contact with animals.”
“Eating raw or undercooked animal products must avoid. Handle raw milk, meat or animal organs carefully to avoid cross-contamination with uncooked foods in accordance with good food safety practices.”
No vaccination against the coronavirus yet
What about vaccination against the novel coronavirus? So far, there is no vaccine. However, the first scientists are already working on it, since it has already been possible to sequence and publish the genome of the virus. That said the managing director of the global vaccination alliance Gavi Seth Berkley to the German Press Agency (DPA). The development of vaccination should take at least a year. Experts suspect that it comes only onto the market when the biggest wave is over.
At the same time, the authorities advise against vaccination against influenza with the current northern hemisphere vaccine before traveling to China. “An influenza vaccination can help to avoid unnecessary suspected cases,” says the Federal Foreign Office.
However, people in Germany do not currently have to worry about the transmission of the novel corona virus. The Robert Koch Institute estimates the risk of importing cases to Germany as “low”. The risk to the population is also rated as “very low”. According to the RKI, individual imports to Germany are “not excluded”. However, the risk of a pandemic in Germany could change in the short term through new findings.
There are currently some protective measures that people must take into account in addition to mouthguards and disinfectants for coronavirus.
Infectiologist gives the all-clear: don’t panic about the coronavirus
Even travelers from Germany do not need to panic, for the time being, infectiologist Prof. Oliver Witzke told the editorial network Germany. “The relevant offices and infectious medicine clinics and centers are very well prepared for this, and the corresponding plans are in place,” said the director of the Clinic for Infectious Diseases and the West German Center for Infectious Diseases of the University Medical Centre in Essen in case the virus is also detected in Germany.
The spread and extent of the coronavirus can be followed live on a live map from John Hopkins University. Creepy: The popular TV series “The Simpsons” predicted the coronavirus. As a result, Homer and Co fall ill with a virus, which in this case comes from Japan and not from China. Meanwhile, the most curious conspiracy theories about the coronavirus are circulating on the web. Sometimes it is to laugh, but sometimes also to shudder.
In Bavaria, too, where the first coronavirus case in Germany became known on January 28, the authorities seem to be well prepared with the so-called “Task Force Infectiology” at the State Office for Health and Food Safety (LGL). An alarm plan intended for such cases is currently in place, which regulates the process of reporting in the event of suspected illness and the determination of contact persons.
Meanwhile, there has also been suspicion of the coronavirus in a woman in Berlin. However, the all-clear was given shortly thereafter.
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